Wednesday, May 15, 2013

Heat rash In Baby


What is heat rash?

If your baby suddenly gets a red, pimply rash on the neck, under the arms on the edge of the diaper or underwear, then that's probably heat rash.

This rash, also called sweat bubbles can arise when your child is overheated in hot, humid weather or dressed way too warm. It often occurs in skin folds and body to places where clothing rubs - ie chest, abdomen, neck, armpits, genitals and buttocks. If your child is wearing hats or caps, then you can also form on the scalp heat rash.

Heat rash is dangerous?

No, but it is an indication that your child is too hot. If you do nothing to cool your baby, then it could create something worse - for example, a Heatstroke.

What causes heat rash?

When it's hot outside and humid, then your child sweats to cool off. If it does so much that the sweat clogs the pores of the skin, then the rash forms. (Younger children therefore more prone to sweat bubbles, because their pores are smaller.) Tight and heavy clothing can also hold the sweat and cause skin irritation. The child gets the rash so if it sweats too much for some reason.

Does my child hurt by this rash?

No, Heat rash usually cause any pain, but they can be terribly itchy pimples and some may be sensitive to touch.

How should I treat heat rash?

  • Begin your toddler to provide cooling. Loosen or remove clothing and bring your child in a airy space or in a shady place.
  • Cool the affected area with cold, wet cotton towels. Even a lukewarm Bad does well. Allow air to the skin so it can dry - that's better than rubbing with towels in it. A little naked kicking will make the rash heal quickly.
  • If your baby is irritable or reacts tearfully to the touch of the rash, then slather the affected areas with silicas gel, a zinc-shaking mixture (lotio alba aquosa) or - very rarely, and only after consultation with the doctor - with hydrocortisone ointment. Avoid ointments and moisturizers as they may aggravate the rash, by additionally clog pores.
  • When the heat stops at night, then put a fan in the baby's bed near.

Go with the child to the doctor if it fever. Then it will eventually get a pain suppositories against. Give your baby never without consultation with the doctor aspirin! In rare cases, can cause life-threatening Reye's syndrome this anti-pyretics of little children. Keep your child always in mind: When the temperature drops, it could freeze and then has to be reheated.

How can I prevent heat rash?

Keep your baby nice and cool by donning him loose, light clothing, especially when it's hot outside. Although there is no evidence that one material is better than another, dermatologists recommend natural fabrics such as cotton, as this can cause the skin to breathe better than synthetic fibers. If you are unsure whether your child is too hot, then touch his skin. If it is warm and humid, then that is a sign that your baby is overheated. Do not let your child on hot days in the sun play, but in a cool room or in a shady, airy place. Make sure that your toddler drinking enough and not dehydrated. And be sure that Your baby is not too hot when sleeping.

Should I take my child to the doctor for heat rash?

Just go to the doctor if the child high temperature (Over 39 degrees Celsius), it does not respond to medication or cooling, or if the Deflection has not subsided after three to four days, or even worse.

Friday, November 23, 2012

Allergies in babies


What is an allergy?

An allergy is a strong reaction in the body that occurs when your child comes into contact with certain substances, either by eating, touching, or breathing them a shot. There are therefore three main types of allergies: food allergy, skin allergy, respiratory allergy.

Among these manifestations, ranging from one child to another, include:
  • the asthma
  • the eczema
  • hayfever.
Infants and younger children, it is most often food allergies :
  • dairy products,
  • eggs,
  • peanuts,
  • walnuts and hazelnuts.
Later, the child may develop an allergy to certain pollens, grasses, dust mites, latex or pet hair. However, the majority of children are allergic to some products.

Allergies are they frequent?

Almost four out of ten children have at least one allergy. The number of allergy sufferers has increased significantly since the last forty years. It seems, however, that if the number of asthmatic reactions stabilized, food allergies, they are booming.

What is an allergic reaction?

If your child has an allergy, the body reacts when it comes into contact with a protein (called "allergens") contained in the product which he is allergic. His immune system will then produce antibodies very specific: the immunoglobulin E (IgE). Whenever he eat, touch or inhale a substance containing the allergen, the IgE will stimulate certain cells in the blood which will release large amounts of a chemical called "histamine." It is the histamine, distributed throughout the body via the blood vessels, which will cause the symptoms observed:
  • watery eyes,
  • nose and itchy eyes,
  • urticaria and edema (swelling).
The more severe reactions can cause difficulty breathing with or without wheezing, or a drop in blood pressure that herald the onset of anaphy lactic shock A very serious condition that endangers the life of the child. If you think your child has a major allergic reaction, call for help immediately by contacting the ambulance by dialing 15 or firemen by dialing 18. In some children, allergic reaction to food can occur later. Parts of the immune system that generate these delayed reactions are not the same as for immediate response. Unfortunately, their mode of operation is less well known. Symptoms of these delayed reactions include: gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), the colic, diarrhea, constipation, sleep disorders and eczema, especially in infants, for whom milk seems most often to causing the allergy.

What causes allergies?

Predisposition to allergies (atopy) is often hereditary especially if both parents are allergic (we estimate that the child has 80% chance of developing an allergic). However, the trigger will not necessarily be the same as for the parents. If allergies are common in your family, your baby may suffer from eczema or allergies to certain foods. Remember that allergies can be distinguished into 3 groups: food, skin, respiratory. Growing up, it is hay fever and asthma as may be problems. It seems that pollution is the cause of the rise in allergies. Others blame the utmost cleanliness of our homes: meeting children much less microbes, they would not have many opportunities to develop their own defenses.

Are allergies easy to detect?

Not always. For example, if your baby's breathing is noisy, it may simply be because he has a cold. This is usually not a sign of allergies and tend to have this wheezing disappears growing. If breathing is wheezingIt evokes bronchiolitis. Today, all the experts agree on one point from three winter bronchiolitis in an infant less than 1 year, it is called asthma in infants. If, at the age of three, your child's breathing is still noisy after a cold, it is better to consult your pediatrician as it could be asthma. Some common allergies, such as eczema or hay fever, are easier to identify.

How does one diagnosed allergies?

If your doctor suspects an allergy in your child, it is likely to require skin tests (prick tests) in collaboration with an allergist. In this review, drops of liquid containing various allergens are placed on the skin of the child's arms and a tiny prick is made in each to see how the skin reacts. Blood tests can also inform the pediatrician on the presence of allergies. Always consult your health care specialist if you are concerned. It is not very difficult to make a diagnosis of allergy. But it is more difficult to diagnose allergies when they occur by another symptom, constipation, sleep disorders ... Prescription allergy screening test with prick and blood tests will already be a first track! Read the opinions of our experts on Milk allergies for more information.

What is the best time to allergies?

Twenty percent of young children suffer from eczema and 6-8% of food allergies. During infancy, the trigger is most often milk (between 2 and 7% of babies). Growing up, children can become allergic to pollen, pet fur, mold or dust mites. Mold allergies usually occur in autumn and can be confused with a cold, as well as allergies to dust mites, which are particularly prevalent in the winter. A child has a stuffy nose year round probably suffering from allergic rhinitis, caused by mites or pets.

My child is allergic he all his life?

Allergies babies often disappear when they grow up. However, it also depends on the cause of the allergy. If a reaction to milk or eggs, it is likely that the allergy has disappeared before the third anniversary. Subsequently, these children sometimes suffer from asthma or hay fever. Allergies to nuts and fish tend them to persist: they do not disappear with age from 10 to 20% of children.

How to treat allergies?

We must first find the exact origin of your child's allergy. Your GP will help you. Obviously, the easiest way to care for your child is to make sure it is not in contact with the product release. However, this is not always possible and treatment with antihistamines and / or corticosteroids may be necessary. There are also methods of desensitization, in which the child is exposed to increasing doses of allergen to the investigation. Certain precautions can help prevent allergies:
  • Hay fever: watch warning bulletins pollen (pollen-newsletters allergo) by looking and keep your child at home on days when the pollen to which they are allergic are particularly numerous, especially if it is windy. Wash the child frequently is also useful. If the problem becomes too difficult to manage, consult your doctor. You can find more information on hay fever in our data "expert opinion."
  • Eczema : Ask your pediatrician to prescribe a moisturizer and / or corticosteroid ointment to soothe skin irritation. If you own a dog or a cat and you think their hair is the cause of the allergy, vacuum regularly: vacuum the carpets, beds.
  • Asthma If your child is allergic to dust mites, certain places particularly infested, such as bedrooms, for example, may cause a worsening of asthma. Symptoms similar to hay fever or eczema may also occur. Although it is impossible to eliminate all the dust, do the cleaning as often as possible to limit quantity. Attention lint are real nests mites! Wash them as often as possible. Ventilate the room regularly. Garnish cot with mattress, pillow and covers "mite" and vacuum frequently. The ideal is to use a vacuum equipped with a HEPA filter that removes particles and allergens can reject fewer mites in the room.

Baby Dietary diversification: when, what and how?


The first food

The World  Health Organization (WHO) and The National Institute for Prevention and Health Education recommend the breast-feeding exclusive to the six months old baby. Past six months, breastfeeding alone does not provide enough nutrients, especially iron. It is therefore necessary to introduce new foods.

It is advisable to wait six months old to diversify food to reduce the risk of bad reactions to food allergies or development.

If you feel that your child needs solid food before six months, talk with your doctor or pediatrician. This is especially important if your baby was born prematurely. The National Institute for Prevention and Health Education estimated dietary diversification should never begin before the fourth month past the child (20 weeks of life).

When dietary diversification begins, one of the first things that your baby is to learn to swallow solid food. To ensure that your baby does not have the same time to discover new flavors and "new" muscles, you can choose as first food for baby cereal mixed with his usual milk.

You can also start with stewed fruit or vegetable puree. Introduce one food at a time to assess preferences, or mix cereal with applesauce or pureed carrots (carrots are slightly sweet, baby sweet flavors preferring early diversification).
Here are some foods to try:

  • Mashed vegetables: carrots, rutabaga, sweet potatoes, zucchini.
  • Stewed fruit: ripe apples cooked pears, mashed bananas.
  • Infant cereals without gluten, such as baby rice or iron-fortified corn flour, mixed with his usual milk.

The next step

Once your baby knows how to eat with a spoon, its food range widens. She understood then:
  • Mashed lean meat or poultry.
  • Mashed lentils or split peas.
  • Mashed vegetables mixed with potato or rice.
  • Mashed vegetables, such as peas, cabbage, spinach or broccoli.
  • Be sure to limit the number of sweets or grains to one serving per day, and always include mashed vegetables. Thicken the puree gradually as baby grows.
  • It is recommended not to give babies cow's milk or dairy products (cheese, yogurt, cheese), fish and shellfish, soy, citrus fruits (including orange juice) or eggs up their six months.
  • If your family has a history of allergies, such as eczema, Asthma or allergies, you should be cautious. If you want to introduce foods with allergens, such as peanuts or milk cow, we suggest you try them one after another, to easily identify any allergic reaction. If your baby has been diagnosed with allergies, it is recommended that you discuss the weaning with your doctor or pediatrician.
  • Avoid foods made from wheat, rye and barley until the age of six months, to reduce the risk of developing celiac disease (which leads the body to a gluten intolerance). Forget for the moment the wheat, flour, pasta, cereals and crackers. It is best to avoid oats before six months of age also, if it contains gluten.
  • Do not "milk away" (also called "growing up milk") to your child before six months of age.
  • Do not add salt, sugar, honey or other sweeteners to food your child.

Seven to nine months

From the seventh month, your baby has made enough progress to join the family meal. You must offer a wide range of food to meet their dietary needs and to adjust to taste different flavors. Good news: the list of foods to avoid shortening! If you buy jars, you will find a range of four to seven months and another from seven months. In fact, there is no reason to prohibit a child six months of eating food labeled seven months (it will just adjust the consistency). You can now enter:
  • Food minced or crushed but not pureed. There must have small pieces.
  • A wider range of carbohydrates: bread, the couscous, pasta, breadsticks, baby cereal, oats, plus cornmeal, potatoes, rice. Give him two to three servings of starchy foods per day.
  • Cold water (room temperature) in a cup of learning when he thirst, in addition to breastmilk or 500-600 ml of infant formula. If you give him the juice, do to during meals only and make sure it is well diluted (one part juice to 10 parts water). Give him a cup rather than a bottle. Reserve the orange juice at mealtimes helps absorb iron and reduces the risk of problems for growing teeth.
  • Citrus fruits such as orange or tangerine.
  • Cooked eggs, fish and shellfish can be added to other protein foods to your diet (red meat, poultry and lentils). Provide a portion of protein-rich foods per day.
  • Unsalted nuts. If you have a family history of allergies, it is advisable not to give nuts to your child before the age of three. A board that does not relay all the experts for lack of evidence. As official notices are not all very clear, ask your doctor or pediatrician for advice.
  • Dairy products such as cheese, yogurt and cheese. Although it is best to wait a year before introducing cow's milk as a drink, it can be used in cooking or cereal to your baby. You can make a cheese sauce to add to vegetables or pasta.
  • On milk can be used if you wish.
  • Once your baby knows how to take things with her fingers and hold well, you can give small to handle food alone at the table. Try, for example, cooked green beans or carrot sticks, cheese cubes, sliced ​​banana or pear slices soft well.

From ten months

Meals resemble those of adults. They should be sliced ​​or chopped and consist of two or three meals a day with one or two snacks and 500 ml to 600 ml of breast milk or infant. At this stage, your child will have:
  • Three or four servings of starchy foods such as bread, pasta, potatoes or rice.
  • A serving of meat, fish, eggs or two servings of legumes (lentils, peas, beans) or nut butter.
  • One to two servings of cheese, cottage cheese, yogurt, as well as breast milk or infant.

What foods should be avoided in children less than one year?

  • Always avoid salt, sugar, honey and artificial sweeteners. Try sweetening desserts with mashed banana or dried fruit puree or use breast milk or infant.
  • Never coffee or tea! Tannin tea blocks the absorption of iron and caffeine is not really recommended for children.
  • Do not give fruit syrups or diet drinks to your baby. Artificial sweeteners are not recommended for babies and young children.
  • Foods that pose a risk of food poisoning should be avoided. This includes soft cheeses made from raw milk (type Mont d'Or), liver pâté and raw eggs.
  • Do not give cow's milk (or goat or sheep) as a main drink for a year.
  • Skimmed and semi-skimmed milk, pasta, yogurt and low fat cheese. Give versions always high in fat, they need those calories.

How much fat can be offered to infants and toddlers?

Until the age of two, fats are an important source of energy for your baby. So whole milk, cheese, yogurt and cheese are important. At two years, and only if it grows and eats properly balanced, you can introduce lower-fat foods. To five years, only a third of the energy should come from fat.

How much fiber may be offered to infants and toddlers?

Be careful not to give too much fiber for babies and young children. They can quickly fill a small belly and do not leave enough room for other energy foods. Give your child a mixture of white bread and wholemeal bread. If your toddler eats regularly beans and lentils as part of a vegetarian diet, make sure it also eats white bread, rice and pasta.

The main stages of development: the first baby teeth


The first baby teeth

Teething is not a baby step succeeds once. The transition from a toothless grin to a mouthful of teeth can take up to three years.

Everything starts in the womb. During pregnancy, the fetus is developing tooth buds which are the bases of baby teeth (also called milk teeth). These buds begin to break through the gum between 3 and 12 months. You will see that first tooth, a tangible sign that your child grows to six months, which is when he starts to eat solid food . To his 3 years, he has a mouth full of small teeth that may start brushing alone (with a little help from you). This is a first step towards independence.

At what age baby teeth out there?

A baby born in 2000 with one or two teeth! But the vast majority of them see their first tooth break between 6 and 7 months. It may appear earlier than three months and no later than one year. The last teeth (second molars, which are located at the rear, bottom or top of the jaw) are usually at their place during the second year. At three years old, your child should have all 20 of its baby teeth.

How does the arrival of the first tooth?

For most babies and parents, the arrival of the first tooth is not much fun and can shoot length. The first symptoms (hypersalivation and a lot of pain) before the output of a month or two. You will have to get up at night to comfort your baby will suffer from tooth pain out. For pain relief, your child can begin to bite, but not anger or hostility. Give him something to chew or rub his gums with your finger to ease the pain.

The gums may also swell when your child is teething, which give red cheeks puffy. While some parents report that their baby is feverish or the diarrhea when a tooth is about to come out, most experts agree that teething does not cause disease. At worst, your child may have a cold A small flu or stomach problems, which require you to go to the doctor.

Not feel the luckiest little or during teething. From one week to another, you will see in the toothless mouth of your baby a little bit of white on the gum. Celebrate the first tooth by taking several photos and note his arrival in the book of your child's birth.

Teeth out one after the other, first the lower incisors and upper incisors, premolars and molars. Tooth development is hereditary. If you've had yours early, there's a good chance that the same is true for your child.

The next step

The teeth will not fall until the permanent teeth of your child are ready to go out, at the age of 6 years.

How can you help?

There is nothing to be done to remove the teeth, but you can comfort your baby if it hurts when the process is underway. Give him something to chew first as teething rings that you stored in the refrigerator. Eat cold food, such as applesauce or yogurt out of the refrigerator, it can also be good.

If your baby suffers very much, you can give him a measuring spoon of paracetamol, according to its weight and seeking advice from your doctor.

If a fever or crying a lot, go see your doctor. He may be a otitis or another disease.

Once the teeth are removed, they must be kept clean. The first year, it will not be useful to brush his teeth, but try to clean them at least once a day. This may be part of the bedtime ritual. Your child may be ready to have a toothbrush in his mouth, then rub his gums and teeth with a clean cloth. Never put your child to bed with a bottle. Milk can stagnate in his mouth at night and cause cavities called "baby bottle syndrome".

Check with your pediatrician or dentist whether to give your child fluoride. To 18 months, your child can learn to brush their teeth. It will help you check and for several years if they are well brushed, but it is a good habit to get into. Show him how to move the brush his teeth. Use a soft brush and a little bit of toothpaste. There is no need to paint in a particular direction, just try to remove bits of food and clean the surface of the teeth and gums.

If your child does not like the taste of toothpaste, change brands or do not use. Toothpaste is not necessary if your child does not eat sugar, which is highly recommended. If he eats some sweets at a birthday for example, brush her teeth after or encourage them to finish the meal with a piece of cheese. To his third birthday, make an appointment with the dentist to get your child to check his teeth.

When to worry?

Premature babies often take a few months longer than others to make their teeth. If your toddler still has no teeth to a year, talk to your doctor. If he has all the symptoms (lots of drooling, swollen gums) and seem to have very little (inconsolable crying serve as clues), see your doctor. Teething should not be synonymous with intolerable suffering to a baby.

Taking care of baby teeth


When to start brushing my baby's teeth?

It is recommended to start clean your baby's teeth twice a day at the onset of her first tooth. If you start early, your baby will usually you give nettoyiez teeth.

The first baby tooth should appear in the middle of his lower jaw to six months. But sometimes (rarely) that some babies are born with a tooth already. Others still have no teeth at the age of one year.
Your baby will have a total of twenty teeth should be all out to his two and a half years .

This may seem long, but it is recommended to help brush his teeth until the age of six, seven years. From this age, he should be able to do it properly himself .

What toothbrush to use?

At first you may find it more convenient to clean your baby's teeth with a piece of moist gauze. Wrap it around your finger, place the tip of toothpaste and gently wipe your baby's teeth.
If you prefer to use a brush, choose one with soft bristles and rounded, different lengths and head slightly curved. . This will allow you access to every corner of your baby's mouth without too much difficulty. Read the information on the package to find out what age the brush you choose is intended.
Change brush, preferably every three months or sooner if the bristles start to wear down.

What toothpaste choose for my baby?

Fluoridated toothpaste helps prevent cavities, however, too much fluoride can be harmful. When choosing a toothpaste, check the fluorine and fluoride specifically:
  • For three years, using a fluoride toothpaste less rich, or about 1 mg of fluoride per gram of paste .
  • Beyond three years, you can use a conventional dentifrice containing between 1350 and 1500 ppm fluoride. .
Use only a small amount of dough and when your baby will be bigger, encourage him to spit. . If you follow these recommendations, some fluorinated toothpaste and regular toothpastes pose no danger even in areas where fluoride was added to water. The absorption of excessive amounts of fluoride can damage the teeth staining.

How do I clean my baby's teeth?

Try to make a habit of cleaning your baby's teeth twice a day. Do this once in the morning during your daily routine . And do it again in the evening after your child has swallowed his last drink and before he goes to bed. Place a small amount of toothpaste on the brush, less than three quarters of the hair should be covered.. Make small circular motions with the brush gently insisting on the area where the tooth and gum meet. Remember that when his teething, Your baby's gums are more sensitive. Do not brush too hard. When you are finished, make sure that your baby spits out the toothpaste, but it is not necessary to rinse his mouth with plenty of water. . It has been proven that rinsing the mouth after brushing reduces the effectiveness of toothpaste. You may find it more convenient to place your baby on your lap, facing you, brush her teeth. This position is also practical with toddlers. Discover more tips for brushing a toddler who does not let it go. If your baby refuses to be brushing your teeth, give her a toothbrush too. It will be great to imitate. You can also let him try to brush himself and then clean it. When you can, let your baby watch you brush your teeth. It will take a lesson in brushing teeth! Your dentist will be happy to advise you if you need help.

From when should I take my baby to the dentist?

Take your baby with you as soon as possible when you have an appointment at the dentist. It is well accustomed to the environment, smells, sounds and ritual care.

Should I give fluoride supplements to my baby?

Fluoride intake is recommended. Attention, it would seem, however, that excessive intake of fluoride can stain and damage the enamel. Ask your pediatrician.

What other tricks to protect my baby's teeth?

Caries come not from too much sugar in the diet of your baby, but the rate at which sugar is consumed during the day in the form of food or drink. Book sugary foods with meals. . This includes dry fruits which are highly concentrated in sugar and stick to the teeth. That your child has good teeth, consider:
  • Give only breast milk or powdered milk, or boiled water for drinking warm your baby.
  • Avoid syrups, fruit juices, flavored milk and soft drinks. These drinks often contain a lot of sugar and cause cavities.
  • Give your baby to drink from a cup from about six months to make sure he leaves his bottle after one year. Once your baby is past that age, give him water to drink at night.
  • Give your baby a healthy and balanced diet. Encourage your child to love salty foods such as vegetables and pasta and do not add sugar to your diet.
  • If you use prepared foods for babies, make sure they are sugar free and they do not contain added sugars or sweeteners. Be aware that other sugars such as lactose, fructose and glucose are equally harmful for your baby's teeth than sucrose.
  • Prefer sugar free medicines if your baby should take.

Baby sleep and breastfeeding


Feeding your baby to sleep, where is the problem?

You gave your baby a bath, you put him in pajamas and you have hummed a lullaby. You are now both sitting in a quiet room and quietly watching your baby suckle. It does not take long to fall asleep. You drop it gently in his bed, turned off the light and you leave the room. When he wakes up three hours later, you give it back to him the breast and falls asleep immediately.
This is the same ritual every night and this is the problem! Breastfeed your baby to sleep is certainly an enjoyable habit for both of you. But if your baby starts to suckle need to sleep, start small and big hassle ...
All babies seem waking up several times at night. Most go back to sleep without a problem. If you're used to breastfeed your baby to sleep, then collect it also to sleep in at night. It is easier to breastfeed your baby during the night if you are a follower of co-sleeping, Nocturnal awakenings may be more frequent for both.

Breastfeeding and sleep

The breastfed babies take longer to take sleep patterns than bottle-fed. The explanation is simple: breast milk is easier to digest than milk powder. Babies breastfed then hunger faster and wake up more often.

The baby feeds for both food and reassurance. It therefore combines fast feeding and sleep. So, if you establish a ritual of breastfeeding your baby sleepHe will not try to find another way to fall asleep.

Change your habits

Does this mean it that you should never feed your baby to sleep? Of course not. Breastfeed your baby to sleep is a wonderful experience. But it must be occasional and not repeat all night. Why not make a part of your nursing Bedtime ? In this case, breastfeeding your baby soon enough. In this way, it does not directly associate this part of the bedtime sleep.
After feeding your baby, read him a story, humming a song to him or change his diaper one last time. If you split breastfeeding and sleep, even for a few minutes, your baby will not feel the need to suck to sleep.

Help baby to sleep alone

If your baby is already associated with feeding and sleep, do not despair. It is never too late to start giving him sleep habits. Here are some tips to help your baby learn to fall asleep alone:
• Separate feeding of bedtime nourishing your baby earlier in the evening.
• Feed your baby early bedtime, or reduce the duration of the last feed at night.

Remember that these changes relate to bedtime. Once your baby starts s'endormir seul the evening, he was able also to calm down and go back to sleep without your help during the night.

Improve sleep nursing mothers

The ideal is that you can sleep suit your needs (not always easy, admittedly!). Ask your partner for help during nighttime feedings. It is not because you are breastfeeding you should be the one to get up at night!
Some alternatives:
• Your milk before you go to bed. And your partner can get up at night and give a bottle of breast milk to your baby.
• Pull your milk in another room as your baby's room. Back to bed while your partner will be responsible for feeding at night. Ten minutes may be enough to express your milk while feeding, changing and rocking your baby to sleep on can take a lot longer.

If breastfeeding your baby can be a wonderful experience, sleep disturbances are also a reality. You can absolutely breastfeed your baby at night both. By doing so, you will help your baby to take good sleep habits with his father and his mother as he held then for the rest of his life.

Why does my baby wakes up he middle of the night?

Sleep patterns of babies can be affected by many factors: illness, vacation or change their habits. Reasons related to development also explain why babies who were heavy sleepers suddenly begin waking up at night from the age of 6 and 10 months (Teeth that will soon leave for example).

If your baby begins to wake up at night, ask yourself a few questions:
1 - Try to determine the reason for the alarm: it is not to be found in his room? Is it, for example, colder at night? Your new neighbors they leave an outside light lit which interferes with your baby used to the dark to sleep?
Dress your baby warmer or equip the bedroom window of a blackout blind.

2 - Its awakenings are not they following an illness or a vacation? Perhaps they also coincide with a stage in its development? If your baby has acquired, for example, a new skill, such as walking on all fours : He might want to take advantage of every opportunity to exercise, even at night. Other babies are standing in their bed, but then are unable to extend themselves.

The golden rule to respond to these awakenings is to have a consistent approach. Do not change suddenly, for example, Bedtime or how you fall asleep your baby. Continue to act as you do for several weeks. This will help your baby making his nights againOnce this temporary problem solved. Rituals soothe babies, do not forget!
The problem persists? Read our article on the different approaches sleep disturbances .

Thursday, November 22, 2012

Help your twins sleep together in their stall


It seems that twins multiplied by two concerns and good times. For bedtime, keep sleeping, it will certainly be much of a hassle, especially during their first few weeks at home. Here are some tips to help you:

Lay your two babies at the same time

It is always a good idea to sleep your two children at the same time to help them develop a healthy sleep pattern - and to let you relax a little! If your children do their naps or go to bed at different times, it is likely that the two, or both, wakes up to a point, thus preventing you from relaxing.

Set up a soothing bedtime ritual

From their 6 or 8 weeks, you can already create a bedtime ritual. A calm and soothing ritual such as a warm bath, a story, and a few minutes of hugs and quiet conversation will help your baby fall asleep. If you follow your ritual, your babies quickly learn to recognize the normal signal bedtime.

Try swaddling your baby

The centuries-old custom of swaddling, which is comfortably wrap each of your baby in a blanket or cotton lining their sleeping bag, can help them feel safe and ready for sleep. Some babies love it, others do not: try and see!

Lay your little love when they are drowsy but not fully asleep

Help them learn to fall asleep alone leaving them in their bed, sleepy, rather than waiting until they fall asleep before bedtime.

Lay your kids in the same bed

The twins were reassured when they touch, physical contact near the calm. It is then possible to extend small on the back, in the same direction, ensconced in their respective sleeping bag. From about 3 months, when they grow up, it may be easier to separate. Make sure they can still see each other when they are installed in each bed.

Take care of the baby calmer first

If one of your children cry a lot, and the other is rather quiet, you might want to take care of the screaming first. But before you focus on what little noisy, make sure the quietest is comfortable and properly installed. Most twins or triplets does not seem disturbed by the cries of their brothers or sisters, even if they sleep in the same bed.

Are you the idea that your twins or triplets will make their night when they are ready

The quality of sleep your child often depends on their weight, not their age. The twins make their night and at about the same age. Fraternal twins may have against by sleep rhythms independent, especially if they are of different size. To help you relax, you can try the following trick: when a baby wakes up to eat, also stimulate each other to feed them both at the same time. It is a bit tricky but it helps parents to stay calm!

Friday, November 16, 2012

How can I help my child to sleep alone?

You can help your child to fall asleep alone in creating an enabling environment so that sleep comes to him naturally. If you wait for the right time, usually between 3 and 6 months, and pay attention to the sleeping environment, must be able to fall asleep alone.

It's like learning to crawl. If you always take your child in your arms, it will never have the opportunity to discover how to move alone. To sleep, it's the same thing! If you fall asleep still giving him the breast or bottle or rocking, it will never get to sleep alone.

How to help fall asleep?

We must prepare the ground, setting up of two elements:
  • Regular bedtime hours to start the internal clock of your baby. So naturally he will feel tired at regular times.
  • A bedtime ritual for him to understand that it is time to sleep. This involves quiet activities as a bain hot, and, once he is in bed, a story, a song, a hug and a kiss.
When the ritual is complete, place your baby in bed drowsy but not yet asleep. Most babies will sleep without challenge. For others, it will take more time, especially for older children who have hitherto been accustomed to sleep with a feeding or arms.

If you wish, you can make a single stroke, leaving him with a "Good Night" and waiting behind the door, to watch from time to time.
Or you can go step by step: you sit next to his bed at the beginning and over the night, you leave a little (one night, you stay in the middle of the room, the next day you stay close to the door, etc.).

For more tips, read our article on sleep disturbances.

If your baby has a habit of falling asleep during breastfeeding or a bottle in your arms, you will have as you wake up gently before putting it in his bed. Or, if you see it begin to fall prey to sleep during feeding, shorten the meal and start the bedtime ritual before going to bed.

Some believe that we should not wake a sleeping baby, but keep back from it all. Wake your sleeping baby may seem like a complete idiot (especially if you fall asleep and also you still have a million things to do before you go to bed), but if you are considering something in the long term, it is worth sorry for your baby finally falls asleep alone.

What to do if your baby can not do?
Take a step back and try to understand why. It may be too young and has not the ability to soothe himself (as a child of three months spent hours lying on the living room floor and yet is not able to do four legs). In this case, wait a few days, weeks or even months before trying again.

Perhaps it is too tired, and too upset to manage sleep alone. Try to go to bed earlier. Finally, analyze the situation, you give him the opportunity to really fall asleep alone or ruez you to his room to comfort him at the slightest noise?

Keep your goal in mind
If all this sounds difficult, keep in mind the long-term benefit. If he manages to fall asleep on his own, he will be able to sit for longer periods of time and go back to sleep if he wakes at night. This will allow to have all the necessary rest to grow and flourish.

In addition, falling asleep alone is an essential skill that will not only benefit your child at bedtime. He will learn to calm down in other situations, when you are at work, for example, when you leave the room momentarily or when it is in a bad mood.

How many hours of sleep does my baby need?

Waking during the night is natural. It is our sleep cycle at all, including toddlers. The normal rhythm of sleep consists of cycles of levels of sleep: drowsiness, light sleep, to dream (REM sleep) and sleep. And vice versa dreams in light sleep to drowsiness and so on. Each cycle lasts about 1:30, and adults and children achieve an average of 5 cycles of sleep per night.

We do not remember waking up because no one wakes up halfway. After that, we turn, we hold on our pillow and falls asleep. If you shoot sleeping, you can see these moments of awakening at regular intervals during the night. It really wakes up completely if you realize that something is wrong, as the smell of smoke, your baby coughs or if your pillow is dropped.

The sleep pattern of newborn

Babies need more sleep than adults. On average, infants less than 3 months sleep twice as much as their parents, but half of their sleep will be during the day.

Very young babies do not sleep long hours at a time because they need to wake up to eat regularly. Up to 3 months, babies have sleep-wake cycles throughout the day and longest night. The duration of these cycles varies greatly between each child, but on average, your child will sleep two hours straight the day, and 4 to 6 hours on the night.

The rate of infant sleep more than 3 months

Between 3 months and 1 year, your baby will sleep gradually less during the day and night.
At 3 months he sleeps twice during the day and night. At 6 months, most children sleep 12 hours at night, interspersed with a few revivals possible, and make two long naps during the day.

To 12 months, many little ones are still sleeping 12-14 hours a day, including a nap during the day. During the second year, the nap will decrease gradually to stop its 3, 4 years.

Manage your baby naps.

Proper management of your child naps may be the key to his sleeping habits. If your toddler is his nap later in the day, he may sleep well at night. Let him make his major naps in the early morning and afternoon. When he is older, keep the nap in the early afternoon, just after lunch, so that the awakening of the nap is not too close to

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